Eyelashes are protective measures of human body against the foreign particles, which could damage the eye or cause unpleasant sensation and hinder the vision temporarily. Eyelashes are like accurate sensors and their movement is reflexive. As soon as any foreign particle touches the eyelashes, your eyelids close in a fraction of second to prevent its entry into the eye.
Upper eyelid of a human eye is guarded by 90-150 eyelashes, while in the lower one; the number can range from 70-80. Like other hair on other parts of human body, eyelashes too have a systematic and dynamic growth pattern. The length and number of eyelashes varies on genetic bases. That means it’s a bad idea to spend on cosmetic products claiming longer eyelashes. The tint of eyelash also varies from one individual to another.
In the embryo stage, eyelashes develop from the ectoderm between the 22nd and 26th week of pregnancy. The follicles of eyelashes are linked to glands of Moll and glands of Zeis, which are responsible for the growth and development of eyelashes.
Natural shedding of eyelashes is the part of their growth cycle. Human body keeps repeating the cycle time to time to ensure that the sensing guards are always at work.
In case, you pull a clump of eyelash, even then it will re-grow. However, the process could take over two months to fully replace the eyelash. The duration depends on phase of growth cycle in which the lash was right before it was plucked. In case of multiple lash loss, each one of them will take a different amount of time to re-grow. In some cases, eyelash and eyebrow transplant surgeries are used to reconstruct or thicken the lashes.
Eyelashes also hold a great aesthetical value, especially for beauty conscious females. Dense eyelashes not only protect your eyes, but also embellish them. Market has special cosmetics like mascara, eye putty, eyeliner, and eye shadow to polish and improvise the look a woman bears. Women spend huge sums on cosmetics and products to chase their desire to have beautiful eyelashes or to enhance their length and growth. It’s always advised that every individual must be familiar with some basic anatomical and biological factors behind the growth of eyelashes before she/he decides to use any additional product to modify the growth. At least, it’ll help in understanding the right time to use the products for maximum benefit, if there is one.
An eyelash has a set pattern or cycle of growth and it never deviates from it. Human lash growth is divided into three phases namely, Anagen, Catagen, and Telogen. At any moment of human life period, 40 percent eyelashes on the upper eyelid and 20 percent on the lower one, remain under active growth. On an average, an eyelash can be ½ inch long when it’s fully grown. Each eyelash follow the growth cycle and each eyelash could be in different phase at a particular time. That’s why all your eyelashes don’t shed in clump. Rather, you rarely notice shedding of eyelashes, unless you aren’t ultra-conscious about them.
This phase of growth cycle is the active growth phase, which usually lasts for 30 to 45 days. Length of each eyelash depends on the length of this phase. It determines how long each hair grows. You can’t alter this phase as it has its bases in genetic origin. It’ll not be possible to enhance the growth rate of density of hair for an individual. At any moment of time, 40 percent of your upper eyelashes and 15 percent of those on the lower eyelid are in Anagen phase.
Catagen refers to the period of growth cycle in which the growth of hair stops along with the production of pigments. The phase last for two to three weeks before it enters into the next phase –Telogen. It’s useless to expect a product to enhance the growth if eyelashes are in this phase. This period does not support any growth.
Telogen is the longest of all three phases. It lasts for three to four months. The phase is characterized by shedding of hair. Not all hair in the eyelashes shed together. Rather, each follicle could be in a different phase. New hair, which starts to grow from the follicle, pushes the old hair higher and eventually causes it to shed naturally.
A wide range of products are available over the counter that claim helping in re-growth or growth of thick and longer lashes. Most of them don’t claim any scientific proof and just make fool of many impatient ladies. There are also some myths about artificially stimulating eyelash growth. One of them is that if you cut the tips off the lashes, it will sustain their growth. However, there is no definite know agent that guarantees enhanced growth of lashes with artificial stimulations.
There are a number of serums available in the market that claim to stimulate the growth of eyelashes, making them thicker, longer and darker. Claimed to be better than make-up products such as mascara, cosmetic companies manufacturing them have innovated a lot with the formula. Today, you can have access to serums made from natural ingredients that don’t harm the eyes or the lashes or at least they are better when compared with the harmful chemicals of eyeliners and mascaras.
As a solution to the above mentioned problem of having not so dense eyelashes, there are many things one can do. Of course you have the serums and the primers, you have make-up (mascara and liners), you have other homemade techniques (such as using Vaseline), but you also have the option to get artificial eyelashes that can enhance your eyes, without making them look made up. These lashes are available in strip form and individual form, and can be bought as synthetic or natural hair form. Many color options are also available.
If at any point you think, nothing else is working, getting artificial eyelashes is a god option. But, one needs to be wary of its use. Since the eyes are the most sensitive organs of the human body, one needs to carefully inspect and compare the side effects of using any artificial products, be it make-up, over the top lashes, or even serums. Make sure the glue used on them is safe and natural. Chemicals used should be the least in products meant for the eyes.
The new rage of buying products online is giving us the opportunity for hunting the right products. Not only can all international products, but we can actually read all about them through consumer reviews and product details to judge whether a particular product is worth buying or not. Be sure to choose reliable and trusted portals that sell only authentic products, from reliable companies.
Check for guarantees, money back, proper details, and even certifications if you can, before buying any products. Remember that some products may yield fine results in the beginning, but eventually lead to distortion of the lashes. Use them as per instructions and guidelines.